South America is the southern subcontinent of the continent of America. It is situated in the Western Hemisphere, in the Southern Hemisphere, and with a very small portion in the Northern Hemisphere. The South America is bordered on the west by the Pacific Ocean, in the north by the Atlantic Ocean, North America, and in southwest by the Caribbean Sea.
Africa is the second-largest and the second most-populous continent of the world. It is bordered in north by the Mediterranean Sea, in south-east by the Indian Ocean, in north-east by the Suez Canal, the Red Sea and the Sinai Peninsula and in west by the Atlantic Ocean.